Despite laggards UP, Bihar, death registration at 99.9% | India News

Despite laggards UP, Bihar, death registration at 99.9% | India News

The 2020 annual report of the Civil Registration System did not give data on the level of registration of deaths, but an analysis of the recently released sample registration system report for the year shows that the level of registration of deaths in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, which account for over a quarter of the country’s population, was 58.7% and 64.6% respectively.
Despite this, the national figure worked out to 99.9%. So how did the overall death registration level jump from 92% in 2019 to 99.9% in 2020 despite low levels of registration in several populous states? If anything, the registration level was expected to go down in a year when there was total lockdown and restrictions through parts of the year across the country. The answer lies in the huge jump in the level of registration in many states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh which had already achieved 100% death registration in 2019 itself.
The level of death registration in these states ranged from 195% in Delhi and 148% in Tamil Nadu to 137% in Andhra Pradesh and 119% in Maharashtra. How is it possible for registration to exceed 100%? The reason lies in how registration levels are calculated by the CRS. This is done by estimating the number of deaths in a given year using the projected mid-year population for the year and the death rate obtained through the SRS. This gives the “estimated deaths”. The registered number of deaths is then compared to this to get the level of registration. The fact that some states show registration levels much above 100% suggests that the estimated number of deaths is well below the actual tally.
There were several states where despite the level of death registration improving from the 2019 level, it was well below 100%. For instance, in Bihar it improved from 51.6% to 64.6%, in Jharkhand it improved from 58.8% to 60%, in Chhattisgarh it improved from 81.5% to 83.1% and in Assam it improved from 74% to 86.7%. In the case of Uttar Pradesh, which accounts for close to 17% of India’s population, the level of registration has actually gone down, not unexpected in a pandemic year, from 63.3% in 2019 to just 58.7%.
The CRS reports, population projections and SRS reports are all released by the office of the Census commissioner and Registrar General of India.

Assam Press