Satyendra Nath Bose: Google honours Indian scientist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose in today’s Doodle | India News

Satyendra Nath Bose: Google honours Indian scientist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose in today’s Doodle | India News

NEW DELHI: Satyendra Nath Bose, an Indian scientist and mathematician, is honoured in today’s doodle for his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate. He delivered his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein on this day in 1924, and Einstein instantly recognised it as a key quantum mechanics breakthrough.
Bose’s rise to fame began in academia. Bose’s enthusiasm in mathematics was stifled by his father, an accountant, who would create an arithmetic homework for him to answer each day before going for work. Bose began studying for a Bachelor of Science degree at Presidency College in Calcutta at the age of 15, and later received a Master’s in Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta. He confirmed his prestigious academic status by graduating first in his class for both degrees.
By the end of 1917, Bose had begun offering physics lectures. While teaching postgraduate students Planck’s radiation formula, he began to doubt how particles were measured and began to test his own hypotheses. He published his findings in a study titled Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta, which he submitted to The Philosophical Magazine, a prestigious research magazine. His research was turned down, much to his astonishment. He made the courageous choice to mail his manuscript to Albert Einstein at that time.
Einstein indeed recognized the significance of the discovery — and soon applied Bose’s formula to a wide range of phenomena. Bose’s theoretical paper became one of the most important findings in quantum theory. The Indian government recognized Bose’s tremendous contribution to physics by awarding him one of the highest civilian award in the country, the Padma Vibhushan. He was also appointed as National Professor, the highest honor in India for scholars.
As a a true polymath, Bose went on to serve as president of many scientific institutions including the Indian Physical Society, National Institute of Science, Indian Science Congress and the Indian Statistical Institute. He was also an adviser to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, and later became a Fellow of the Royal Society. In honor of Bose’s legacy, any particle that conforms with his statistics today is known as a boson. Many scientific breakthroughs have come from his work including the discovery of the particle accelerator and the God particle.
Thank you, Satyendra Nath Bose, for changing physics forever. Your finding threw quantum mechanics for a loop!

Assam Press